The names of these two plants are so similar that many people mistake them for the same thing. In fact, being close relatives and belonging to the same family - the labiate family, thyme and savory are still completely different plants. Both plants are rich in essential oils and have been used as medicinal herbs and spices for a long time.
- Thyme. Types and varieties
- Savory. Spicy condari
- Mention of savory and thyme in cooking
- Savory and thyme in history
- Savory and thyme in folk medicine
Savory and thyme are consonant names. This is where the similarities end. The official names of these plants are absolutely different: thyme, or thyme and savory, or kondari.
Thyme. Types and varieties
A numerous genus of plants that came to us from the Mediterranean. All varieties of thyme are woody dwarf shrubs with gentle, often lying on the ground, stems.
Flowering shoots have a herbaceous structure. Flowers are endowed with a peculiar, strong enough aroma. The plant is considered an excellent honey plant. There are over a hundred types of thyme, but the most common are two:
- Common thyme;
- Creeping thyme.
Creeping thyme is called "Bogorodskaya herb", but it is best known as thyme. It is a low-growing shrub with shoots creeping on the ground.
Peduncles rise vertically upward. In places of contact with the ground, shoots take root, giving life to new bushes of thyme. The leaves are small, elliptical. The flowers are small, collected in an inflorescence "head" of bright pink or purple color with a strong characteristic aroma.
Creeping thyme, or thyme, has a wide geography. It grows on dry sandstones of the steppe zones of Asia, Europe and North America. The species is polymorphic, having many varieties, but it is precisely it that is used for medical purposes.
Savory. Spicy condari
An annual shrub that unites several dozen species of this plant under its name. He is also a native of the Mediterranean countries. In many countries, garden savory is grown as a spice and medicinal plant.
Kondari does not exceed 30 cm in height with an erect stem branched from the base. The leaves are small, lanceolate. Flowers, pale pink or lavender with a small purple spot in the corolla core, are collected 4-5 in axillary whorls, forming a small oblong inflorescence. Seeds are about 1 mm in diameter, ovoid, brown in color.
In the wild, this plant can be found only in southern Europe on the stone slopes of old mountain building. In the regions of Crimea, the Caucasus and Central Asia, savory is found in a feral form, like a weed.
Mention of savory and thyme in cooking
The secrets of using garden savory as a culinary plant have been known since ancient Greece. Thyme traces its culinary history since the times of Ancient Egypt. According to the chronicles, both plants came to Europe at the turn of the 9th century, thanks to wandering monks. Since then, they have been cultivated and used as a spice and medicinal plant.
Savory and thyme in history
In surviving medieval medical writings, thyme was part of aromatic compounds and mixtures intended for the embalming of crowned heads. In particular, the magical properties of raising the spirit and strengthening the will of a person were attributed to thyme. According to legend, these qualities were given to those who ate the plant or carried it in breast amulet.
Ancient Russian herbalists (medical treatises) mention the use of savory and thyme as an antidote for the bite of poisonous insects, as well as for the treatment of many diseases. They were credited with the properties of strengthening the stomach, getting rid of pain in the head and heart, strengthening vision and appetite, relieving ringing and tinnitus.
Condari and thyme were widely used in everyday life and in everyday life. They fumigated calving cows and milk pots to prevent milk fermentation; for successful hunting - fishing and hunting tackle. Bogorodskaya grass and plant Peter's cross was sewn into amulets, forming a talisman against an evil spirit.
Savory and thyme in folk medicine
The popularity of plants for use in traditional medicine was incredibly high. Herbal infusions were used as expectorant, antibacterial and antispasmodic agents. All kinds of thyme and savory have been included in many medicinal preparations. Their use consisted in the external use of compresses and baths from infusions, as well as in the form of steamed herb pillows.
At the present stage, thyme and kondari are an integral part of the official pharmacopoeia of medicinal plants in many countries.
A few words in conclusion. Today, not only in the conditions of garden and personal plots, the successful cultivation of savory and thyme is carried out. They are also cultivated for production and culinary needs. Both plants are in great demand in Western countries. Fresh plant leaves are used as a spice or in mixtures and hot sauces, added to meat and fatty dishes.
Creeping thyme and garden savory are widely used in floriculture as a ground cover material. In continuous plantings, the plants form a colorful, dense carpet. They are planted in rock gardens and carpet beds. Beautiful borders are formed from the landings.