The Stanophea orchids are a large family composed of about fifty species of orchids, mainly epiphytes, originating in Central and South America. They have oval, fleshy pseudobulbs, from which a single, elongated, glossy and fleshy leaf grows, profoundly marked by a central grain. In summer they produce a pendulous inflorescence composed of one or more large, very fragrant, yellow, red or orange flowers. The flowers last a few days, but the plants often bloom several times a year.
Stanophea orchids need to be grown in places with very high brightness, but away from direct sunlight which could cause burns on the leaves and damage the plant. Fears the cold and therefore in winter should be brought indoors or in a temperate greenhouse, where temperatures remain around 15-20 ° C; sometimes cooler night temperatures favor flowering. They need good ventilation.
These orchids require large amounts of water, which should be administered regularly, avoiding letting the substrate dry. In winter thin out the watering because during the cold season, the water needs of our orchids are drastically reduced. Every 20-25 days provide specific fertilizer for orchids, mixed with the water of the waterings to be administered regularly. In the hottest periods of the year, spray the leaves with demineralized water to promote the optimal development of our beautiful orchids.
To obtain splendid seedlings, it is important to choose the most suitable type of soil for our orchids. Then use a compound for orchids, consisting of pieces of bark, sphagnum and vegetable fibers; they are usually placed in hanging containers, to better bring out the great pendulous inflorescence. These plants of great beauty are in fact ideal for making the garden, the courtyard or the house unique, lively and welcoming. For this reason, it is also advisable to choose vases of a certain type to increase the overall aesthetic impact of the flowering of these orchids.
If you want to get new plants of this species, it's good to know what are the main reproduction techniques to use for our orchid. Depending on the type of plant in fact, it is advisable to prefer one reproduction method rather than another. The multiplication of the Stanophea orchid can occur by dividing the tufts of pseudobulbs, taking care to leave a vigorous root for each portion practiced, to favor the rapid development of the new plant.
Stanophea: Pests and diseases
Referring to the topic diseases and pests, we can say that a poorly drained substrate and poorly ventilated cultivation conditions undoubtedly favor the formation of root rot or of the collar; also the cochineal sometimes ruins the buds of the Stanophea compromising its growth and development. In these cases, limit watering according to weather conditions and never leave the ground too wet; to eliminate the cochineal instead, use a cotton pad soaked in alcohol or rely on the numerous specific antiparasitic products to combat cochineal.