Apartment plants

Plants in the apartment

Place the plants in the apartment

Many plants of tropical and non-tropical origin are grown in apartments; these plants grow luxuriantly in the house because the climate of the apartment is similar to that of the areas of origin, so it is dry and warm; practically at home we have a perennial spring, if it were not for the hours of solar lighting, which are very few during the winter. For this reason many plants come into vegetative rest even at home, as happens for amaryllis or other bulbous plants, which during the winter tend to lose their foliage. Most of the varieties we cultivate in the apartment are not found in their ideal habitat, they are simply robust species, able to adapt even in climates not ideal for their development.

The ideal climate

Surely if our plants were found in an ideal climate they would have a luxuriant development, and would produce flowers and fruits also in the house, as happens in nature; already the fact that many of our indoor plants tend not to bloom indicates that the place and the way of cultivation are not ideal. Most of the plants commonly cultivated in the home originate from tropical rain forests, where the climate is decidedly different from that of our homes; certainly the temperature is the minor problem, also because in the house we generally have about 20 ° C, a temperature quite similar to that of the tropics during the cold season. Instead the climatic characteristic that very different our houses from a rain forest is certainly the environmental humidity: during the period in which the domestic heating is active, whether it is air conditioner or radiators, the climate in our homes is definitely too dry for our plants.

Remedies for the dry climate of the house

To overcome this problem it is advisable to vaporize our plants frequently, mainly their foliage. To increase humidity it is also possible to arrange the vases in large containers filled with pumice stone, which will raise the roots and the vase itself; in the container we always keep at least one finger of water, which will evaporate constantly, increasing the environmental humidity. Recall that a high environmental humidity does not correspond to a ground that is always damp or wet: some species like to have a lot of humidity in the air, but dry soil. Then we vaporize the foliage also of those species that are in vegetative rest, whose cultivation substratum will remain very dry, such as some bromeliads, which do not need large watering in winter, but love humidity.

Plants in the apartment: The position of the plants

When we place the plants at home we don't consider them just a decorative or furnishing element: they are living beings, which have special needs. First of all, let us place them where they can enjoy all the space they need, and where they can receive a good amount of light, possibly filtered; avoid closing a plant in a corner, or it will almost certainly lose the foliage in the area facing the wall. We also avoid placing large-leaved plants in a place of great passage, because at each step the leaves will receive blows, blows, abrasions, which will quickly result in the loss of ruined leaves. When we buy a plant, let us know about the cultivation needs, and place it in the best place, in the light or in partial shade, near the window or in the stairwell. We always try to avoid placing the jars near a heat source, be it an air conditioner or a radiator, which surely tend to dry the air a lot, and can also damage the foliage, "burning it". If we have underfloor heating in our house we keep the elevated vessels, because the heat of direct heating to the root system can ruin the plant even seriously.