Garden project

The house on the lake of the 1930s

1. Site of the intervention
Lago Maggiore Sponda Lombarda - Municipality of Luino. 250 m.s.l.m

2. Site description2.1 Description of the area surrounding the intervention

This is a Prealpina area, rich in greenery, not particularly urbanized, consisting of small valleys generally well exposed, which flow into the Lake.
Temperatures fall moderately in winter, but are mitigated by the lake climate. The wind usually blows from the valleys towards the lake.
In the area the olive is easily cultivated, even if only for ornamental purposes, given that the environmental conditions are not optimal for production purposes, in the area of ​​Cannero (opposite bank), from the mildest climate of the Lombard shore, they were once cultivated citrus fruits.
In the landscape there are rocks, mostly hidden by the woods that grow luxuriantly, mainly consisting of chestnut trees, locust trees, linden trees, mountain maples, ornelli, plane trees and birch trees (in the higher heights), pure beech woods can also be found.
The agricultural resources of the past, today almost completely abandoned, consisted of chestnut woods and the breeding of cows and goats.

2.2 Location of the lot

The area is included in an area divided up in the 1930s and built in single and two-family villas, with heights not exceeding 2 floors above ground.
The lot is located on the lake and a local stone staircase, in good condition, connects the house to the lake, as well as the small private dock. The lot is bordered to the north by a grove of locust trees, to the east by another built lot, to the south by the access road and to the west by the lake. From the first floor of the house and from the garden you can enjoy a beautiful view of the castles of Cannero.

2.3 Type of dwelling

The building, built in the 1930s, represents a typical architectural typology of the province of Varese: a sober and simple rectangular-shaped building with a central entrance, façade openings framed in local stone material and a light Lombard yellow facade.
The single-family house is on two floors above ground, with the living area located on the ground floor (living room and study on the lake, rear kitchen).

2.4 Land use

The area has not been cultivated for some time, except for the persistence of some trees and shrubs: towards the lake there is a beautiful specimen of Celtis Australis (Bagolaro) with natural forms, to the north there was a remnant of an old fruit hazel and in the area cultivated with espalier orchards (apple and pear trees) of traditional variety.
Part of the land around the house, and from the house to the driveway gate, is paved in cement mortar, in a state of neglect, there is a small pedestrian path the serizzo slabs, laid directly on the ground.

2.5. Soil Science

The land in front of the house is almost flat, towards the lake, at a lower altitude there is a small terrace, the result of an ancient work of man. The soil is fresh with an acid pH.

2.5. Type of user

The house was recently purchased by a German family, made up of parents and two small children who decided to use it as a vacation home.

3. General objectives of intervention and relations with the surrounding environment

The general objective of intervention is the restoration of the existing garden, using traditional techniques and materials, but bringing a modernization however in harmony with the architectural style of the house and the surrounding environment. Efforts have been made to maintain existing architectural and plant structures as far as possible. We have used plants that adapt to the place and to the context, many of these are usually used in the gardens of the area, we opted for the choice of mostly rustic species, which do not require special maintenance treatments.

4. Customer requests

The family has decided to review the garden in its entirety, and is also willing to replace the materials currently used in the flooring;
· Dining area in the shade;
· Functional distribution, which guarantees access to the lake and to the garden area using the existing stairs;
· Maintenance of the Celtis australis and possible elimination of the hazelnut tree if it is not part of the new project;
· Small vegetable garden with the presence of aromatic and medicinal species;
· Unloading area near the house and possible car parking;
· The lady particularly appreciates the white blooms;
· If possible it would be appreciated the placement of a metal gazebo covered with a climber.

5. Specific objectives of the intervention and response to the requests of the client

The garden is revised in its entirety, maintaining the existing structures as much as possible, both because they are part of the place and also have their own history, both to save materials and avoid unnecessary costs.
The intention was to create a garden that is fully enjoyable and livable, as well as functional, so as to allow, in the few days of the family's vacation, to live it in a multitude of colors and joy, in contrast to the cold and lifeless climates where the family lives for the rest of the year.
We tried to modernize the garden with the geometric cut of the floors, using a traditional and local material like white beola, but in modern shapes, as in the case of the flooring surrounding the house. The symmetry of the pavement is contrasted and mitigated by the soft arrangement of the vegetation.
The local stone staircase, which connects the upper part of the garden to the small terraced area below, is maintained, as requested by the client, and is further enhanced with an iron railing with liberty style designs.
The plant species present are all maintained, both because they are in good condition, and because they are well placed in the context, both for the cultural and environmental value they represent. The beautiful hackberry is obviously kept in its majesty, as well as the hazelnut, which is thickened with azzeruolo plants, native and rustic species that are well integrated into the existing plant.
The apple and pear trees present in the terrace are of old varieties, thus representing a heritage to be safeguarded, (these varieties are now in danger of extinction, because replaced by the most productive but most delicate and demanding varieties in cultivation) will continue in this way. produce fruits with ancient flavors.
The old balustrade that bordered the garden to the east, in a bad state, is replaced by a railing that is the same as the one on the side of the staircase.
The house is used by the family during the holidays, usually at Pentecost and in summer, in July-August, species are used that produce abundant blooms in these periods and include some white blooms as requested by the lady.
The wrought-iron gazebo has a white waterproof roof covering, and is placed at the end of the garden so as to be able to peer into the view, especially the beautiful view of the castles of Cannero; the cover allows you to stay even when it rains, so as to take advantage of the garden even when the weather does not allow it; internally it could be furnished with comfortable woven rattan sofas covered with white cushions, or with a table, so you can eat in the shade and in tranquility. The white clematis, which gently covers the structure, is made to climb on the gazebo.
A part of the terraced garden is maintained, which is embellished with bushes of pink spirea and gypsopilla, for this arrangement the northern part is preferred because it is more sunny; in the vicinity there is a small house to store the tools and materials needed to take care of the garden and the garden. In the remaining part of the terracing, the "herb garden" is made up of geometric siepine of silver and green thyme in which a multitude of species of herbs grow "in disorderly", which can be used in the kitchen and for various uses, they can also be collected and dried for use all year round.
As requested by the client, a dining area is built in the shade, in the part adjacent to the house near the kitchen, but it is also possible to have lunch in the gazebo.
A car parking area is maintained, convenient for unloading luggage and shopping.

6. Description of the intervention

6.1 Functional spaces
· Dining area in the shade: paved, near the kitchen made cozy and intimate by the granite fountain, the water, which flows over the copper lamella and then flows into the two basins below, emits a pleasant and relaxing sound.
· Relaxation area: gazebo at the end of the garden, furnished with sofas to create a small outdoor living room, you can also equip a table and chairs where you can eat in the shade.
· Children's play area: under the big bagolaro, in the shade, all the games can be arranged.
· Parking area: near the driveway entrance, to allow easy unloading of luggage and shopping.
· Hobbies area: on the terrace, for the cultivation of herbs, fruits and vegetables

6.2 Routes

· Driveway entrance
· Pedestrian entrance, is moved a few meters to the east, compared to the previous arrangement, to allow easier access to the main entrance of the house which is on the east side of the house, and to allow the installation of the sliding driveway gate.
· Path in irregular slabs of white beola that from the house, crossing the garden, widens in the center with a geometric space, which allows to symmetrically join the path to the stone staircase, which leads to the underlying terrace, near the staircase; some slabs of beola mark the path to reach the gazebo.
· Path in irregular slabs of white gneiss that from the stone staircase allow access to the vegetable garden even in the case of muddy ground after the rains, to the tool shed and to the second stone staircase that connects to the small beach below and to the private dock and the herb garden.

6.3 Landscaping and vegetation choices

Plants that flower in summer have been favored and in April-May, when the family habitually stays there, they have also been chosen those that adapt to the environment and therefore optimally vegetate without major problems of diseases.
Around the house, the west and north side are planted, in order to make this area that is being paved more welcoming, and to cover the border wall; the plants are arranged so as to hide the car park at least slightly and to create a more intimate space for the dining area. On the west side, the viburnum is inserted for the part exposed to the sun, while for the part that remains in the shade there are camellias, azaleas and hydrangeas. In the corner a climbing hydrangea grows, which is the background to the granite fountain, the vegetation hides the attack of the water point, placed at 145 cm from the ground, so it seems that the water flows from the green wall; in front of the fountain two white hydrangeas are placed that slightly hide it; the fountain is thus barely visible but water is immediately visible.
On the north side, perpetually kept in the shade by the house, shadow-loving plants will be arranged: hoste, ferns and aruncus that are well integrated into the context of the fountain and its musicality. In the parts described so far, the green colors of the foliage and the whites are preferred, to better render the area relaxing, the only exception being the red camellias that allow to highlight the white azaleas placed at their feet.
Continuing on the north side, this time exposed to the sun, there are ceanotus and clerodenrdon bushes, their voluminous mass occludes the view to the rest of the garden, it suddenly passes from an intimate environment in white and green to a sunny and cheerful environment, with a multitude of contrasting colors. At the foot of these bushes are placed the "White" roses, white, which contrast with the blue of the ceanotus and the "La Sevillana" roses, red, which contrast with the white of the clerodendron; these varieties produce an abundant flowering that lasts throughout the summer.
Continuing on the north side there is the already existing plant of hazel, which was thickened with azzeruolo plants that integrate with the hazelnut, in this mass of green the gazebo is set, which in its southern side is surrounded by the blooms of the "White "and" La Sevillana ", contrasting with pink and white heathers placed at their base. On the gazebo are made to climb some delicate white clematis, giving a somewhat romantic look to the wrought iron structure.
On the south side of the garden there is a lively border of pittosphoro Tobira nano surrounded by Hypericum calicinum, with an abundant yellow flowering. There is also a corner with an intense impact with colorful and contrasting blooms: fuchsia hibiscus, yellow potentille, pink spiree, and white heathers; this colored mass also has the task of hiding the garden when it is accessed from the pedestrian entrance, so as to discover it continuing, all in one breath. Next to the pedestrian path there is another corner, but more delicate, which appears as soon as you enter the gate, white hibiscus and pink heather.
At the center of the garden, a Jacaranda mimosifera, with delicate foliage that resembles ferns and a umbrella-like habit, underlines the important passage in white beola, offering a beautiful blue-blue bloom in the summer months. This tree, demanding in terms of temperatures (freezing at 0 ° C), is the most delicate of the plant, will eventually be repaired at the base in the winter season to prevent it from being damaged at low temperatures.
The terracing below the garden is divided in two by a stone staircase, in the southern part the "Herb Garden" is made up of a geometric design of siepine of thyme, silver and green in color, and a multitude of aromatic herbs and officinal, some suitable for the most shaded areas (anthriscus, merrys, allium) in the shadow of the hackberry and the locust grove, others in the sunny areas. Along the wall small fruits (raspberries, blueberries and blackberries) are placed, which in the summer offer exquisite delicacies. In the northern part of the terracing the vegetable garden is made, embellished at the head of each glue by a pink spirea bush and at the corners by the abundant white bloom of Gypsophila. The white clematis is made to climb on the tool shed to integrate it with the rest of the terrace. A long and fragrant lavender hedge marks the terrace towards the lake.

Legenda" title="Designing the Garden ">Design the GardenLegend

1 Celtis Australis Bagolaro
2 Jacaranda mimosifera Jacaranda
3 Viburnus tinus Viburnum
4 Camellia japonica "Mathoniana alba" Camellia japonica "Mathoniana rubra" Camellia (white) Camelia (red)
5 Azalea japonica "Adonis" Azalea (white)
6 Hydrangea hortensis "Soeur Thиres" Hydrangea (white)
7 Ceanotus "Boorkwoodi" Ceanotus (blue)
8 Clerodentron trichotonum Crerodendro
9 Corylus avellana * Hazel
10 Crataegus azarolus Azzeruolo
11 Pittosphoro tobira "nanum" Pitosforo dwarf
12 Hibiscus siriacus "Coelesris" Hibiscus (fuchsia)
13 Hibiscus siriacus "Red Heart" Hibiscus (white)
14 Potentilla fruticosa Potentilla
15 Spirea bumalda Spirea
16 Pink "White" Pink (white)
17 Rosa "La Sevillana" Rose (red)
18 Malus domestica * Melo
19 Rubus fruticosus Mora
20 Vaccynum corymbosus Giant blueberry
21 Rubus idaeus Raspberry
23 Gypsophila panicolata Gypsophila
24 Erica vulgaris "Alba" Erica (white)
25 Erica vulgaris "Peter Sparkes" Erica (rose)
26 Hypericum calicinum Iberico
27 Aruncus silvestris Aruncus
28 Dryopteris filix-mas Fern
29 Hosta fortunei "albovariegata" Hosta
30 Potentilla fruticosa “Princesse” Potentilla (rose)
31 Tymus vulgaris Timo
32 Tymus vulgaris “Aureus” Timo (silver)
33 Medicinal herbs: Allium schoenoprasum, Merrys odorata, Mint spicata, Rosmarinus officinalis, Salvia officinalis, Salvia officinalis “tricolor”, Anthriscus cerefolium, Origanum vulgaris, Valeriana officinalis, Anthemis nobilis, Melissa officinalis, Foeniculum vulgaris
34 Clematis "Madam Lecoultre" Clematis (white)
35 Hydrangea petiolaris Climbing hydrangea

Garden project: garden design: Garden project

Designing the garden is a very important phase that if done with care and followed in its minimum details, surely will save time in the execution and realization phase.
There are really many elements to consider in the design of the garden space; not only how one can easily imagine the space itself intended as achievable square meters, but also and above all the placement of the different elements that will make up the garden furniture.
To realize the garden then we must think of the flooring, all the furnishing elements and the provisions of the furniture that can no longer be moved once inserted into the furniture.
The floor is a determining factor.
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