Gardening

Daffodils Tulips Hyacinths crocus


Daffodils, tulips & Co


Among flowering plants, for the garden and for the terrace, bulbous plants have always been a great success; this fact is mainly due to the great ease of cultivation: in fact, many bulbous plants require very little care, especially those suitable for the runny, even though they give us many wonderful flowers every year. In this season we can plant the bulbous plants that bloom in early spring, so that on arrival of the harsh winters they are well set and have already developed a good root system. This practice will allow us to have well-developed plants in the spring, which will have withstood the winter cold without problems and will then flourish abundantly. Many of the spring-flowering bulbs can be planted even at the end of winter, but surely more successes are obtained with the specimens planted in autumn.

Most of the bulbous plants used in the flowerbeds of the gardens belong to a few species; they are in fact tulips, narcissi, crocuses or hyacinths; these are bulbous plants originating from Europe, Asia and the Mediterranean area, very well adapted to the Italian and European climate in general. Their success has its origins in the past centuries, and in general they can be used for the wild: this practice consists in leaving the bulbs at home, digging them up only every 5-8 years, to thin them; in this way, large patches of colorful flowers are obtained, which are increasingly larger from year to year.The flowerbeds of these species of bulbous plants can take the most varied forms, it is possible in fact to use them in ample spots, but also in formal flowerbeds, arranging the bulbs in a straight line, at the base of shrubs or as a background to the ground covering perennials. It is also possible to mix different types of bulbous plants, a typical example being the red flowerbed of tulips mixed with white anemones, for a flowering effect.Once the arrangement on the ground has been chosen, and the substrate has been well worked, proceed to bury the bulbs for a depth equal to the diameter of the bulb itself. If you intend to punctuate a turf of flowers, as is often done with crocuses, it is also possible to scatter them on the ground at random, and then place them where they are.The choice of bulbs




The bulbous plants to be planted in autumn, which bloom in spring, are many; in fact in the gardens only a few species are commonly used, widespread in cultivation for many years, even if every year on the market there are new hybrids, with flowers with very particular shapes or colors. A good part of these bulbous plants prefers sunny, or partially shady, locations in rich and soft soil; the choice of the flower for each individual flowerbed therefore depends mainly on personal tastes; some general indications may however be useful.
Tulips
Bulbosa suitable for the wild, is positioned in the sun, can reach 60-80 cm in height, there are dwarf varieties on the market, which do not exceed 30 cm in height. Depending on the species, more or less early, they bloom from April until May-June. They are very suitable for formal beds, or arranged in patches of color.
Daffodils
Bulbosa suitable for running wild, prefers sunny positions; generally they stay below 35 cm in height, and produce flowers in shades of white and yellow, although there are rosy varieties. They bloom from March to May. They are often used in rows, in formal flowerbeds, but also placed in spots. Suitable for run-off.
Hyacinths
They settle in a sunny place and produce, in late spring, panicles of bell-shaped flowers, with bright colors, very fragrant; they are very suitable for the wild and in general over the years they constitute large colored flowerbeds. The flowers are intensely scented.
Crocus
They are among the first bulbs to bloom at the end of winter; the flowers are small, 4-10 cm high, the leaves similar to fleshy grass. They prefer sunny or semi-shady locations. They are very suitable for the wild, especially if spread on a turf or at the foot of the shrubs.
Calochortus
They are also called butterfly tulips, and are cultivated like tulips, despite having much finer and delicate flowers, with a pastel tone, dotted with brown. They prefer sunny locations and are generally grown in small groups.
Chionodoxa
Small bulbous plants suitable for sunny positions; they bloom in spring and produce small star-shaped flowers 10-15 cm high; they are cultivated in small groups, or in perennial flower beds or flowering shrubs, very suitable to be planted among the roses.
Iris
They prefer sunny positions; hollandic irises are planted in autumn and produce flowers at the end of winter; there are varieties 8-10 cm high, others reach 30-40 cm in height. The flowers are in shades of yellow and blue-violet; generally they are buried in not very large spots.
Fritillaria
bulbous plants suitable for sunny or semi-shady locations; the imperialis varieties are planted in small groups, producing 50-80 cm high, very showy inflorescences; other varieties are suitable in rock gardens, even partially shady, they bloom in spring.
Scilla
Bulbose suitable for the wild, for sunny or semi-shady locations. The small flowers are very decorative, they bloom in early spring. Usually they are placed in small bunches at the foot of the shrubs.
Puschkinia
These bulbous flowers bloom at the end of winter, producing small star-shaped flowers, 8-15 cm high; they are buried in groups, at the foot of flowering shrubs or in gardens of perennials.

Daffodils Tulips Hyacinths crocus: Cultural care


Most spring-flowering bulbs generally do not require much care, they are not very demanding and in general the period of vegetative development coincides with a rainy and not very warm season. It is advisable to take care of the plants after flowering, removing the stems of withered flowers, if desired it is also possible to cut the leaves, but it is good to wait until they are completely withered before intervening. Almost all of these bulbous plants are suitable for running in the ground, but it is acceptable to periodically unearth the bulbs, to thin them and remove the bulbils.