Formal Bonsai Styles

Bonsai styles Formal erect: Formal standing(Choccan)

The formal upright style has a straight trunk and branches that grow horizontally or downwards. Therefore the trunk does not have curves and is very similar to the shape of the large conifers of our alps (firs, larches). It tends to represent trees that grow distant from each other with branches on all sides of the trunk and with an erect trunk or trees that grow very close, one next to the other, in continuous competition in search of light.
The shape of the tree is triangular and the branches are arranged in a regular way in all directions, although preferably, for aesthetic purposes, there should be no branches facing the observer or, if present, they should still be very short.
The first branch should preferably start from a height of about one third of that of the tree. It is a style particularly suitable for conifers, but can also be used successfully on broad-leaved trees such as pyracantha, ginko, and beech (fagus sylvatica), zelkova and elms. The most suitable materials for starting a tree in this style are the cuttings, seeds or layering, with which it is easier to arrive at an erect growth of the trunk.
Contrary to what one might think it is one of the most difficult styles to make, as it requires great skill and experience in choosing the main branches and constancy in the creation of the stages. It should also be noted that, as mentioned, it is a style particularly suitable for conifers which are generally more difficult to process than broad-leaved trees.