Bonsai

Ginco - Ginkgo biloba


GeneralitŠ°


deciduous tree with a columnar habit, belonging to one of the most ancient families existing in nature, its characteristic leaves have been found in fossils of millions of years, close to conifers; in nature it can reach thirty meters in height. It has very particular leaves, light green, fan-shaped, which become golden-yellow during the winter, and grow in bunches on very short branches. The female specimens produce fruits with two lobes, of the same color of the leaves, which give off an unpleasant smell. The bark is smooth and silky, sand-colored. Fairly cultivated as bonsai, it is usually found in medium or large sizes, since the size of the leaves remains quite large.

Pruning


it is done in late autumn or winter, usually after the leaves have fallen, remembering to put healing mastic on the cutting surface. The shoots are cut off leaving 1-2 shoots. The wire does not apply, either because it would leave indelible scars on the bark, and because the branches of the ginkgo hardly take the desired shape; usually the shape is encouraged with pruning.

Display and watering


Exposure: likes sunny, very bright locations. In summer it is advisable to place it in a slightly shady place; in winter, avoid exposing it to too persistent frost by covering it with non-woven fabric or putting it in a cold greenhouse.
Watering: does not require large quantities of water, provide water in moderate amounts very frequently in summer, more rarely in winter. Add bonsai fertilizer to the watering water every 20 days during the growing season.

Ginco - Ginkgo biloba: Other tips


Soil: the optimal compost can be prepared by mixing peat, sand and clay in equal parts. Ginkgo is repotted every year, at the end of winter. Older specimens can be repotted every 2-3 years.
Multiplication: it can be sown in the spring. Multiply by woody cuttings in the fall.
Pests and diseases: it is not affected by diseases and parasites. If the climate is particularly humid, it can sometimes be attacked by cochineal, difficult to see, as it is the same color as the bark.