Bonsai

Wisteria - Wisterria sinensis


GeneralitŠ°


climbing plant native to China and Japan, high in nature up to 10 meters. The leaves are composed, light green, usually maintain a considerable size even in bonsai specimens. At the beginning of spring it offers a spectacular white, pink or purple flowering, with small flowers gathered in flashy clusters. The branches are hanging, twisted and are covered with a very thick bark, which usually causes the failure of many attempts at binding with wire. The flowers are followed by long woody pods, which contain 2-3 seeds, toxic. It is not a plant recommended for beginners, as it is difficult to shape as a bonsai.


Pruning


being a climbing plant, the wisteria produces very long branches, which must be trimmed throughout the vegetative period; It is advisable to prune immediately after flowering. Later on you can apply the wire, remembering that the only branches that can be put into shape are the young, still semi-woody ones.

Display and watering


Exposure: wisteria loves sunny positions, exposed to the sun's rays throughout the year. In winter it is advisable to protect young specimens from persistent frosts.
Watering: this fast-growing plant needs a lot of water during hot summers, so it is necessary to supply a lot of it and very frequently; in warmer and drier periods it is good to leave the pot in a saucer to fill with water daily. With the arrival of autumn, reduce the amount of water, while trying to keep the soil moist.

Wisteria - Wisterria sinensis: Other tips


Soil: it has no particular needs in terms of soil, a good universal soil can also be used. If desired, a good substrate can be prepared by mixing two parts of sand, two parts of clay and three parts of composting soil. Wisteria should be coated every 2-3 years, at the end of winter or early spring, before flowering.
Multiplication: the fresh seeds can be sown in spring, remembering that the wisteria plants bloom only at the age of 5-6 years; to get a plant that gives us a beautiful flowering already the following year it is possible to use the layering technique.
Pests and diseases: pay attention to the cochineal, which attacks the buds. Wisteria is often attacked by gray mold and oidium, which completely ruin the flowers.