Hyacinth - Hyacintus: Hyacinth
Common name of the Hyacinthus orientalis ". From the Greek: hyakмnthos.
In German: die Hyazinthe.
The fable tells us that Ajace the Telamon, furious at not having had the arms of Achilles from it contended to Ulysses, killed himself, and that from the soil soaked with his blood was born Hyacinth.
This fable is countered by another, which says that Giacinto, son of Amicla and Diomede, was Apollo's favorite friend. It is said that one day they played together. Zephyr, out of jealousy of friendship, caused the disk thrown by Apollo to be knocked out, which hit Giacinto reduced him to a corpse. Apollo weeping over his friend's inanimate body, unable to call him to life, transformed him into the flower of which he bears the name (perhaps the martagon lily).
Ovid in the tenth book of the Metamorphoses tells the sad case and adds that Apollo, sadly bent over the flower before returning to Heaven, wrote the syllables AI, AI on his petals with his own hand, as a monument of grief for so much misfortune. This expression of pain wants to be seen in the signs that seem to be engraved on the hyacinth flowers and which are similar to the letters A and I. In Greek: UakintoV: Y = initial of the name of the young man killed. But this last fable can be considered an allegory, in which Apollo symbolizes the return of the sun towards our hemisphere and Zephyr the mild winds of midday. It is precisely to the return of the beautiful season and to the blowing of the spring burettes that the Hyacinths show themselves to cheer with their flowers and perfumes.
It is said that the scent of hyacinths contains poisonous principles. In this regard the "Sйmaine Scientifique" reads the following communication made to the Academy of Sciences of Paris: "In the year 1866 the doctor Saint-Despres was called to lavish his care on a robust man who fell asleep the night before in full force he had woken up in the morning with numbness in his limbs, dizziness, and cardialgia. He had wanted to get up, but after a few moments he had to fall back on his bed. he put the doctor on the right track because he saw behind a vase with a double white hyacinth in full bloom, he immediately had it removed from the room, and opened the windows, to change the air: removed the flower and changed the air the evil ceased suddenly, but complete healing was achieved only after a few weeks. "
Originating in the East, the precise time of their appearance in Europe is ignored. The first Hyacinths were by no means wild and only towards the middle of the XVI century did they begin to subject them to cultivation. In 1688 they were already seen in Florence: the Medici had several varieties sent from Holland.
There are many types of Hyacinths: silly, semi-double, double, stradoppi (the latter known under the name of Granbrettagne). The number of varieties is about 2800. The basic colors are white, rosy, red, blue and yellow, but also white and yellow in the middle, mixed white with red, purplish white and purplish, yellow mixed with pink or purple, agate blue or linen gray, porcelain, turquoise, purple, blackish purple, lilac, etc.