The Murraya auriculata is a shrub or small tree, which reaches 5-7 m in height in nature, originating in Australia and southern Asia; in Europe it is cultivated mainly as bonsai or as a houseplant. It has an erect habit, poorly branched, the stems are thin with smooth, greyish bark, with a silky appearance; the foliage is dense and rounded, the pinnate leaves are made up of small oval leaves, slightly leathery, waxy, of a brilliant light green color, evergreen. In summer and autumn it produces small star-shaped flowers, gathered in apical corimbi, of white color, intensely perfumed; the flowers follow small oval fruits, orange or red, similar to olives. Shrub with a delicate and pleasant appearance, the foliage and flowers are very aromatic, and recall the scent of orange and lemon. In regions with mild winters they can also be grown in the garden, in a place sheltered from frost and winter wind.
To grow at their best, plants need specific climatic conditions and adequate exposure. The Murraya auriculata prefers very bright locations, and can be grown in a place exposed to direct sunlight; during the beautiful season, from April to September, it can be grown outdoors, in a sunny or partially shady place.
Now let's see what the plant needs in terms of irrigation. During the vegetative period water abundantly and regularly, waiting for the soil to dry between one watering and another; with the arrival of cold, thin out the waterings, moistening the soil sporadically; from March to October, provide fertilizer for flowering plants, mixing it with the water used for watering every 10-15 days.
Land and multiplication
When it is desired to best grow a plant species, it is important to choose the most suitable soil. Not all plants need the same type of soil. Based on the characteristics of the plant, it will be appropriate to select the most suitable type of soil for plant growth, in this case of Murraya auriculata. Rutaceae love soft and very well drained soils; It is advisable to use a compound consisting of two parts of peat, a part of sand and a half part of pumice stone. On the market there is a compound already ready for citrus fruit, ideal also for the murraya. For a balanced development of the root system repot the murraye every 2-3 years, in spring.
The multiplication takes place by seed, in spring, or by semi-woody cutting, at the beginning of summer.
Pests and diseases
These plants are not usually subject to the attack of diseases and pests. But they fear the attack of aphids and whitefly.