Apartment plants

Nidularium


GeneralitŠ°


genus that has about thirty species of perennial evergreen plants originating in Brazil. They are formed by dense flattened rosettes of ribbon leaves, fleshy, rigid, arched, with a slightly thorny margin; at the center of the rosette leaves of various colors are formed, from red to yellow to brown, which in spring constitute an inflorescence, which rises slightly from the rosette of leaves, where small white flowers bloom. The adult plants can reach a height of 30-40 cm, with much larger diameters, given that the plant tends to widen by means of stoloniferous roots, which expand on the surface of the soil, from which new rosettes of leaves are born. In nature, plants also produce small fruits containing seeds. It is advisable to remove the withered inflorescences, to avoid that they facilitate the onset of mold or fungi, which could also attack the rest of the plant.

Exposure



The exposure indicates the most suitable position in which the plant should be placed in order to grow at its best. Each species has different cultivation needs and for this reason, before proceeding with cultivation, it is important to find out about the specific needs of each one. Then place the nidularium in a very bright place, but possibly away from direct sunlight; in winter it must be collected at home, as it prefers temperatures around 18-20 ° C and does not tolerate temperatures below 10 ° C; the nidularium also fear the air currents and, more generally, the changes in temperature, it is therefore good to place them in a sheltered place, away from doors or windows.

Watering



These plants need to be watered often, filling the glass with the rosette of leaves, the soil should be kept slightly damp; in the cold months thin out the watering a little; from March to October, provide fertilizer for flowering plants mixed with water for watering, every 15-20 days. Spray the leaves often with distilled water to increase humidity.

Ground


In nature the nidularium are epiphytic plants, therefore they grow on the bark of other branches; use a compound similar to that used for orchids, consisting of shredded bark and vegetable fiber, to which to mix a little peat. These plants are often grown in hanging baskets, from which the stolons are let out, which then create new plants "hung" to the mother plant.

Multiplication



These species can be propagated by seed, but generally the adult plants are divided, taking new plants by cutting off the wood stolon that unites them; new plants should be immediately repotted in a single container.

Nidularium: Pests and diseases


As for pests and diseases, nidulariums are often affected by cochineal. The cochineal is in fact a small insect that lives on plants and feeds on their sap. It is concretely a parasite dangerous for the health of our plants because, if the climatic conditions are favorable, this parasites finds its ideal habitat on the leaves of the plants and thus damages irreparably ornamental species, herbaceous, shrubby and even citrus plants. To protect the plant and its health, intervene with specific anti-parasitic products against the cochineal.