Fat plants

Sarcocaulon


GeneralitŠ°


genus that brings together about fifteen species of succulent shrubs originating in southern Africa, with deciduous leaves. They have woody stems, slightly waxy, which carry numerous sharp thorns; generally they are very branched, in a disordered manner, and tend to have a prostrate development. The leaves are dark green, thick and waxy, oval or spatula-shaped, they tend to develop more on the apex of the branches; throughout the summer the sarcocaulons produce flowers with five petals, with a crumpled, white or pinkish appearance; they are followed by woody capsules containing many small fertile seeds. These plants are grown in Europe mainly by collectors, in nature they are used as fuel and are widespread.


Treatment


Exposure: from March to October, place in a luminous but not too sunny place, which possibly enjoys a few hours of direct sunlight; these plants don't like temperatures below 10 ° C, so in winter they should be kept indoors or in a temperate greenhouse.
Watering: from March to October, water regularly, waiting for the soil to be well between one watering and another; in winter water sporadically, vaporizing the plant at least once a week with demineralized water. In the vegetative peirodo, provide fertilizer for succulent plants, every 15-20 days.

Sarcocaulon: Cultivation


Soil: sarcocaulons prefer loose, rich and very well drained soils; You can use a mixture consisting of two parts of leaf mold, two parts of sand and two or three parts of pumice stone or coarse-grained lapillus.
Multiplication: in spring it is possible to sow the seeds of the previous year, if you want you can also practice cuttings, which however often tend to root in a little developed way, giving rise to small little vigorous plants.
Pests and diseases: pay attention to root rot, which develops in soils that remain too long soaked in water.