Fat plants

Acanthocalicium


GeneralitŠ°


globose cactacea, columnar with age, originating from the Argentine side of the Andes. The stem is gray-green, sometimes tending to yellowish, with 15-20 ribs; the areolas are glabrous at the base, woolly at the apex, and carry 10-12 yellow or brown spines. From the end of spring to the beginning of autumn the specimens of at least three years produce numerous flowers on the areolas around the apex of the stem, of yellow or red color; the A. violaceum species produces white or dark pink flowers.

Exposure


cultivating the acanthocalycium in full sun, or in any case in a very bright position, they absolutely do not like the shade. In winter, place in a protected place, as they fear the cold, with maximum temperatures around 3-4 ° C.

Watering


in the cold period water rarely, with small amounts of water; from spring to autumn water abundantly, waiting however for the soil to dry completely between one watering and another. Every 15-20 days, provide fertilizer for succulent plants mixed with the water used for watering.

Ground


needs loose soil, very well drained, consisting of balanced soil mixed with sand and pumice stone. This cactacea does not need much soil, it can be grown in small containers, as the maximum dimensions reached are around 15-20 cm in height and 10-15 cm in diameter.

Multiplication


occurs by seed, to be used fresh, in seedbed filled with peat and sand in equal parts; keep the soil moist to ensure seed germination, and in a temperate place.

Acanthocalicium: Pests and diseases


like many other cacti, even the acanthocalycium are easily hit by the cochineal.