The roots of the name Pleiospilos derive from the Greek Pleios = many, Pilos = patches, plants with many patches. Of this plant, native to Sub Africa, 38 species are known and belong to the plants nicknamed plants-stone (like Lithops). It is a succulent plant, composed of a very short stem, which does not leave the ground in certain species. The stem usually bears groups of 2/4 fleshy leaves. Presents in the apical part of the plant very showy inflorescences in the shape of a daisy. Cultivation is carried out in small pots (8-10 cm) using a fairly sandy mixture. Very important for these plants is drainage, which must be done by placing gravel at the bottom of the pot.
It must never fall below 6-7 ° C. In the autumn and winter months it is advisable to suspend the watering, while in the warmer months it can be watered monthly. During the spring the Pleiospilos plants have a natural change of the leaves, those of the previous year dry, giving way to new ones. In very hot periods it is advisable to add mild amounts of water fertilizer.
It occurs by sowing or by division of the cespitose plants.
Sowing takes place in the period from March to April, taking care to maintain the temperature at 20 ° C.
The multiplication by division takes place in the spring period, dividing the mother plants from the daughters, taking care to take the stem with some roots. The engraftment is not difficult and after a short period one can begin to water the young plants.
The most popular varieties are:
Pleiospilos bolusii: Variety
P. bolusii: plant that reaches 10 cm in height, formed by 1 or 2 pairs of very stocky, angular, large green-gray leaves, which have black spots. In the presence of strong light intensity the leaves tend to turn brown. The flowering is composed of yellow daisies and occurs in the summer / autumn periods. The blooms are out of proportion to the plant, in some specimens the flowers completely cover the leaves.
P. simulans: very sensitive plant at low temperatures, minimum 6 ° C, composed of 1 or 2 pairs of gray-amber leaves, of enlarged shape very similar to the previous variety. The plants can reach 30 cm in width but reach only 10 cm in height. Flowering occurs in the summer / autumn months, the flowers are yellow and have a coconut-like fragrance.
P. nelli: Very similar to the P. bolussi variety, but much smaller, the leaves are much steeper and have a slightly more gray color, with the presence of many black spots. Flowering occurs in the same period as the previous species. The flower, with orange petals, is white on the inside.