a fairly fast-growing succulent plant, originating from the Canary Islands, Madeira and the Mediterranean coasts, also used as a houseplant.
It has a straight and fleshy stem, a light brown color, very branched in adult specimens, each stem bears a rosette of light green, blue-green or purple succulent leaves, depending on the variety. The adult specimens in the wild can reach up to two meters in height, in pots it remains within 40-50 cm, usually it tends to widen producing new branches and new stems. In summer, each rosette produces a large spike of star-shaped flowers, yellow, pink, red or white.
it is good to place the Aeonium in a very bright place, avoiding the direct rays of the sun in the hottest months; it fears the cold, so in winter it is good to keep the plants at home or in the greenhouse.
during the vegetative season, from May to October, the Aeonium needs abundant watering, if the water is too little the stems and rosettes tend to grow stunted; in winter it is advisable to leave the plant a rest period, drastically decreasing the amount of water supplied, watering only when the soil is well dry. During the vegetative season add fertilizer for succulent plants to the irrigating water every 15-20 days.
like many other succulent plants also the Aeonium likes very well drained soils, therefore it is advisable to mix a good quantity of sand and quite coarse grain material to the substrate.
in spring you can sow the seeds of the previous year, in a container filled with a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts, to keep moist and in a bright place, but not too sunny. In April-May you can also practice leaf or branch cuttings, which root easily and fairly quickly.
Parasites and Diseases
sometimes the Aeonium is attacked by the cochineal and by the aphids, difficult to cure as they nest in the center of the rosette, sheltered by the leaves.
Eonium - Aeonium tabuliforme: Variety
A.A. Atropurpureum has dark purple leaves, to keep it in good color it is advisable to keep it in direct sunlight. A. Tabuliform has a very flattened rosette and green leaves. A. A. Schwarzkopf is a hybrid with very dark purple leaves that look black. A. Haworthii has bluish green leaves, with pink or red margins when kept in full sun.