Fat plants

Lofofora, Peyote - Lophophora williamsii


GeneralitŠ°


this genus of cactaceae has 3-4 species, widespread in the Southern United States and in Mexico; they have a rounded shape, slightly flattened, develop very slowly and can reach 15-25 cm in diameter. they have 7-11 very evident ribs, and small roundish areoles, without thorns; the lophophore have a greenish-gray color, and tend to shrink, they develop numerous basal suckers. In summer, small pink or white flowers bloom from the summit areoles, followed by elongated, rosy fruits, containing numerous dark seeds. In the places of origin this plant was once used as a hallucinogen, and is known as peyote or mescal; in some countries trade is prohibited.

Exposure




they are grown in a very bright place, with at least 3-4 hours a day of direct sunlight, possibly during the coolest hours of the day; during the summer months it is advisable to place the plants in a partially shaded place. Do not fear the cold only if the soil is kept completely dry starting from October, and then kept in a cold greenhouse, or in a temperate greenhouse, with temperatures below 7-10 ° C. Wanting in winter you can also keep at home, possibly in a poorly heated room.

Watering


from March to October it is watered only when the soil is perfectly dry, every 7-10 days, depending on the climate; during the winter months it is advisable to thin the waterings; if the plant is grown in a cold greenhouse avoid watering. During the vegetative period, provide fertilizer for succulent plants, every 20-30 days.

Ground


plant in large, deep containers, as these cacti develop a fairly conspicuous root system; use a substrate for succulent plants, consisting of a small part of balanced soil, mixed with sand and lapillus or pozzolana. These plants grow very slowly, so it is not necessary to transplant them too often.

Multiplication


it happens by seed, in spring; It is also possible to detach young suckers, which root quickly, from the mother plant.

Lofofora, Peyote - Lophophora williamsii: Parasites and Diseases


the lophophore fear mites and cochineal very much.