Fat plants

Cifostemma - Cyphostemma juttae


Generalitа


shrubs, or small trees, originating in southern Africa, once classified in the genus Cissus. They have a succulent stem, which over the years forms a broad caudex, in nauta it can reach 80-90 cm in diameter, with a total plant height of 2-3 meters; in the container they remain within smaller dimensions, but the caudex tends to develop a lot also in pots. The thick foliage is made up of large oval or lanceolate leaves, green or bluish-green, thick and leathery, sometimes finely serrated; in summer it produces small insignificant flowers, of greenish-yellow color, followed by bunches of fleshy fruits, red-orange, very poisonous. With the arrival of cold, the leaves dry up and fall off, often even in house-grown specimens.

Exposure




place in a sunny place, avoiding the full sun in the hottest months of the year. Generally these adult plants can bear some degrees below zero, therefore they can be grown in a cold green house; young specimens should be kept indoors at 10-15 ° C at night minimum.

Watering


from March to September water regularly, leaving the soil to dry well between one watering and another; in the winter months avoid watering the plants kept in a cold greenhouse, the specimens grown at home should be watered sporadically, about once a month. During the vegetative period, provide fertilizer for succulent plants, mixed with water for watering, every 15-20 days.

Ground


the cyphostemma prefer very well drained soils, not too rich; wanting to prepare an ad hoc substrate, mix two parts of universal soil with two parts of washed river sand and a part of pumice stone or fine-grained lapillus. These plants have a fairly slow development, so they do not need to be repotted too often.

Cifostemma - Cyphostemma juttae: ​​Multiplication and Pests and diseases


Multiplication: occurs by seed, in spring, keeping the seedbed moist and in a place protected from the rays of the sun. It is also possible to propagate these plants by stem cutting, but new plants will rarely develop a caudex.
Pests and diseases: cochineal sometimes nestles under the leaves.